The New Illinois Learning Standards call for three instructional shifts in focus, coherence and rigor. Illinois adopted the stadards in 2010. The standards outline the skills that a student needs to know in each grade level to ensure that they will be successful in subsequent grade levels. The standards are designed to not only make sense in a particular grade level, but to remain coherent and span across all grade levels. The student's knowledge builds upon previously learned concepts as they progress through each grade level. The New Illinois Learning Standards for math support conceptual understanding. The goal is that students will use higher order thinking as opposed to memorization to learn mathematics.